The Tour de France is the world’s greatest cycling race. This year it’s from Saturday July 1 to Sunday July 23 2023. The Tour de France is gruelling, exciting and dramatic. Discover the main stages, riders, facts, distances and some fun facts in this guide to the Tour de France 2023 – the 110th race.

cyclists riding away from camera in 2022 tour de france with manic people some in only shorts lining the road dangerously close to riders
2022 Alpe d’Huez © ASO/Pauline Ballet

The Tour de France attracts over 12 million spectators a year plus 3.5 million TV viewers on a typical day’s coverage in 190 countries. I love watching it, as much for its high drama as for the glorious views of the French countryside both from the road and from helicopters and drones high above the race.

Founded in 1903 by Henri Desgrange, the editor of L’Auto newspaper, it’s the third biggest sporting event in the world after the Olympic Games and the FiFa World Cup.

Front page of L'Auto magazine in 1903 with headlines and map of the first Tour de France. Black and white
L’Auto in 1903 Public domain

The 2023 Tour de France

The 2023 Tour de France start (named, naturally, the Grand Départ) starts on Saturday July 1 in Spain.

The Tour de France 2023 Stages

Tour de France 2022 with string of cyclists going uphill and mountains behind
Tour de France 2022 – Stage 9 – Aigle / Chatel Les Portes du Soleil © ASO/Charly Lopez

The 2023 Tour de France is made up of 21 stages. It covers a total distance of 3,404kms/2,115 miles.

The route includes eight flat stages for the sprinters, four hilly stages suited to breakaways and eight mountain stages, 4 summit finishes (Cauterets-Cambasque, Puy de Dôme, Grand Colombier and Saint-Gervais Mont-Blanc) and 1 individual time trial.

Profile of Puy de Dome hill in tour de france 2023 with very steep curve and showing where it's the steepest to top
Puy de Dome Climb 2023 © ASO

Out of 40 towns, there are 12 new ones that will be hosting the Tour for the first time in 2023:

Moulins in the Auvergne with view from garden and walls above and large old building with towers
Moulins in the Auvergne © Outerly/CC-BY-SA 3.0
  • Spain:
  • Bilbao (start and finish of stage 1)
  • Amorebieta-Etxano (start of stage 2)
  • Nogaro (finish of stage 4)

    France:
  • Vulcania (start of stage 10)
  • Moulins (finish of stage 11)
  • Belleville-en-Beaujolais (finish of stage 12)
  • Châtillon-sur-Chalaronne (start of stage 13)
  • Les Gets Les Portes du Soleil (start of stage 15)
  • Passy (start of stage 16) – Combloux (finish of stage 16)
  • Poligny (finish of stage 19)
  • Le Markstein Fellering (finish of stage 20)

The Tour de France 2023 Route

Map of Tour de France 2023 with name at top left and detailed map showing exact route
Tour de France 2023
Tour de France Stages
StageDateRouteDistanceStage Type
1Jul 1Bilbao to Bilbao182kmsHilly
2Jul 2Vitoria-Gasteiz to Saint-Sebastien 209kmsHilly
3Jul 3Amorebieta-Etxano to Bayonne185kmsFlat
4July 4Drax to Nogaro182kmsFlat
5July 5Pau to Laruns 165kmsMountain
6Jul 6Tarbes to Cauterets-Cambasque145kmsMountain
7Jul 7Mont-de-Marsan to Bordeaux 170kmsFlat
8Jul 8Libourne to Limoges 201kmsHilly
9Jul 9Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat to Puy de Dôme184kmsMountain
0Jul 10Clermont-Ferrand Rest DayN/AN/A
10Jul 11Parc Vulcania to Issoire167kms167Hilly
11Jul 12Clermont-Ferrand to Moulins180kmsFlat
12Jul 13Roanne to Belleville-en-Beaujolais 169kmsHilly
13Jul 14Châtillon-sur-Chalaronne to Grand Colombier 138kmsMountain
13Jul 15Annemass to Morzine 152kmsHilly
14Jul 16Les Gets to Saint Gervais180kmsMountains
15Jul 17Saint Gervais Mont Blanc Rest DayN/AN/A
0Jul 18Passy to Combloux22kmsIndividual time Trial
16Jul 19Saint Gervais to Courchevel 166kmsMountain
17Jul 20Moutiers to Bourg en Bresse186kmsFlat
18Jul 21Moitans-en-Montagne to Poligny 170kms Flat
19Jul 22Belfort to Le Markstein133kmsMountains
20Jul 23Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines to Paris Champs-Elysées115kmsFlat
Paris 2022 tour de france final with cyclists passing through sing saying 1 lap to go and leader looking behind anxiously at pack
Paris tour de France 2022 Final – 1 lap to go! © ASO/Charly Lopez

Teams for the Tour de France 2023

Tour de France 2022 with one cyclist crouching down onhandlebars on blue wheeled bike and rocamadour on high rock behind
Tour de France 2022 Lacappelle-Marival / Rocamadour © ASO/Charly Lopez

There are eight riders in each of the 22 teams. In total (and in theory as there are sometimes very last-minute drop-outs due to injury or illness), 176 riders will take part.

Tour de France 2023 Official Teams and Riders

These are the now officially confirmed teams so far. The nationality of the team and the riders is in parentheses after every name. There are still some confirmations that need to be made while some teams have named nine riders so need to eliminate one of them. And with the possibility of injuries before the race, everything can change! For instance the great Slovenian rider, Tadej Pogačar, broke a wrist recently and is having surgery. Will he be fit enough for the Tour de France 2023?

Tour de France 2022 looking down from high up shot of hairpin bends with cyclists at Alpe d'Huez
Tour de France 2022 Albertville / Col du Granon Serre Chevalier © ASO/Pauline Ballet

AG2R Citroën (France): Ben O’Connor (AUS); Oliver Naesen (BEL); Felix Gall (AUT); Nans Peters (FRA); Clement Berthet (FRA); Benoit Cosnefroy (FRA); Stan Dewulf (BEL); Aurélien Paret-Peintre (FRA)

Alpecin-Deceuninck (Belgium): Mathieu van der Poel (NED); Jasper Philipsen (BEL); Søren Kragh Andersen (DEN); Quinten Hermans (BEL); Jonas Rickaert (BEL); Silvain Dillier (SWI); Michael Gogl (AUT); Ramon Sinkledam (NED)

Astana Qazaqstan (Kazakstan): Mark Cavendish (GBR); Alexey Lutsenko (KAZ); Cees Bol (NED); David de la Cruz (SPA); Yevgeniy Fedorov (KAZ); Luis Leon Sanchez (SPA); Gianni Moscon (ITA); Harold Tejada (COL)

Bahrain Victorious (Bahrain): Mikel Landa (SP); Fred Wright (GBR); Matej Mohoric (SLO); Pello Bilbao (SPA); Wout Poels (NED); Niklas Arndt (GER); Phil Bauhaus (GER); Jack Haig (AUS)

Bora–Hansgrohe (Germany): Jai Hindley (AUS); Danny van Poppel (NED); Emanuel Buchman (GER);  Bob Jungels (LUX); Jordi Meeus (BEL); Nils Politt (GER); Patrick Konrad (AUT); Marco Haller (AUT)

Cofidis Solutions Crédits (France): Guillaume Martin (FRA); Simon Geschke (GER); Anthony Perez (FRA); Axel Zingle (FRA); Bryan Coquard (FRA); Ion Izaguirre (SPA); Victor Lafay (FRA); Alexis Renard (FRA)

EF Education – Easypost (USA): Magnus Cort (DEN); Richard Carapaz (ECU); Rigoberto Uran (COL); Neilson Powless (USA); Eseban Chaves (COL); Andrey Amador (COSTA R); James Shaw (GBR); Alberto Bettiol (ITA)

Groupama–FDJ (France): David Gaudu (FRA); Valentin Madouas (FRA); Thibaut Pinot (FRA); Kevin Geniets (NED); Stefan Kǘng (SWI);  Lars van den Berg (NED); Olivier Le Gac (FRA); Quentin Pacher (FRA)

Ineos Grenadiers (Great Britain): Tom Pidcock (GBR); Jonathan Castroviejo (SPA); Daniel Martínez (COL); Michal Kwiatkowski (POL); Carlos Rodriquez (SPA);  Egan Bernal (COL); Ben Turner (GBR); Omar Fraile (SPA)

Intermarché-Wanty-Gobert Matériaux (Belgium): Biniam Girmay (ERITREA); Louis Meintjes (RSA); Adrien Petit (FRA); Georg Zimmerman (GER); Rui Costa (POR); Mike Teunissen (NED); Lilian Calmejane (FRA); Dion Smith (NZ)

Israel-PremierTech (Israel): Michael Woods (CAN); Simon Clarke (AUS); Guillaume Boivin (CAN);  Dylan Tuens (BEL); Nick Schultz (AUS); Hugo Houle (CAN); Krists Neilands (LAT); Corbin Strong (NZ);

Jumbo-Visma (Netherlands): Jonas Vingegaard (DEN); Wout van Aert (BEL); Nathan van Hooydonck (BEL); Sepp Kuss (USA); Christophe Laporte (FRA); Dylan van Baarle (NED); Tiesj Benoot (BEL); Wilco Kelderman (NED)

Lotto-Destny (Belgium): Caleb Ewan (AUS); Maxim Van Gils (BEL); Victor Campenaerts (BEL); Jasper de Buyst (BEL); Pascal Eenkhoorn (NED); Frederik Frison (BEL); Jacopo Guarnieri (ITA); Florian Vermeersch (BEL)

Movistar (Spain): Enric Mas (SPA); Matteo Jorgenson (USA); Nelson Oliveira (POR);
Ruben Guerreiro (POR);  Antonio Pedrero (SPA); Gregor Muhlberger (AUT); Gorka Izaguirre (SPA); Alex Aranburu (SPA)

Soudal Quickstep (Belgium): Julian Alaphilippe (FRA); Yves Lampaert (BEL); Tim Decelercq (BEL); Dries Devenyns (BEL); Fabio Jakobsen (NED); Kasper Asgreen (DEN); Michael Mørkøv (DEN); Rémi Cavagna (FRA)

Team Arkéa-Samsic (France): Warren Barguil (FRA); Clément Champoussin (FRA); Simone Guglielmi (FRA); Anthony Delaplace (FRA); Luca Mozzato (ITA); Jenthe Biermans (BEL); Matis Louvel (FRA); Laurent Pichon (FRA)

Team DSM-Firmenich (Netherlands):  Romain Bardet (FRA); Nils Eekhoff (NED); Matthew Dinham (AUS); Sam Welsford (AUS); John Degenkolb (GER); Kevin Vermaerke (USA); Chris Hamilton (AUS); Alex Edmondson (AUS)

Team Jayco Alula (Australia): Dylan Groenewegen (NED); Luka Mezgec (SLO); Simon Yates (GBR); Elmar Reindeers (NED); Lawson Craddock (USA); Luke Durbridge (AUS); Chris Harper (AUS); Christopher Juul-Jensen (DEN)

TotalEnergies (FRA):  Peter Sagan (SVK); Daniel Oss (ITA); Anthony Turgis (FRA); Pierre Latour (FRA); Edvald Boasson-Hagen (NOR); Mathieu Burgaudeau (FRA); Steff Cras (BEL); Valentin Ferron (FRA)

Lidl-Trek (USA): Mads Pedersen (DEN); Alex Kirsch (LUX); Jasper Stuyven (BEL); Juan Pedro López (SPA); Mattias Skjelmose (DEN); Giulio Ciccone (ITA); Tony Gallopin (FRA); Quinn Simmons (USA)

UAE Team Emirates (UAE): Tadej Pogačar (SLO); Marc Soler (SPA); Adam Yates (GBR); Rafal Majka (POL); Mikkel Bjerg (DEN); Felix Grosschartner (AUT); Matteo Trentin (ITA); Vegard Stake Laengen (NOR)

UNO-X Pro Cycling Team (Norway) Alexander Kristoff (NOR); Tobias Halland Johannessen (NOR); Rasmus Tiller (NOR); Torstein Traeen (NOR); Søren Wætrnskold (NOR); Jonas Gregaard (DEN); Johanas Abrahamsen (NOR); Anton Charmig (DEN)

2022 Tour de France with many cyclists on road in background and sunflowers in bloom in front
2022 Tour de France Rodez / Carcassonne © ASO/Pauline Ballet

British cyclists

There are seven British cyclists: Mark Cavendish (Astana Quazqstan); Fred Wright (Bahrain Victorious); James Shaw (ED Education-Easypost); Tom Pidcock (Ineos Grenadiers); Ben Turner (Ineos Grenadiers); Adam Yates (UAE Emirates); Simon Yates (Team Jayco AlUla)

Australian Riders

There are 12 Australian cyclists: Ben O’Connor (AG2R Citroën); Jack Haig (Bahrain Victorious); Jai Hindley (Bora-Hansgrohe); Simon Clarke (Israel Premier-Tech); Nick Schultz (Israel Premier-Tech); Caleb Ewan (Lotto Soudal); Matthew Dinham ( Team DSM); Chris Hamilton (Team DSM); Sam Welsford (Team DSM); Alex Edmondson (Team DSM); Luke Durbridge (Jayco Alula); Chris Harper (Jayco Alula)

North American cyclists

The Americans have six riders: Sepp Kuss (Jumbo-Visma); Neilson Powless (ED-Education Easypost); Matteo Jorgenson (Movistar); Kevin Vermaerke (Team DSM); Lawson Craddock (Team Jayco Alula); Quinn Simmon (Lidl-Trek)

The Canadians have three riders: Michael Woods ( ); Guillaume Boivin (Israel Premier Tech); Hugo Houle (Israel Premier Tech)

There are 32 French riders.

For the full list of PCS rankings of every cyclist in the professional world, not just those competing in the Tour de France 2023 check here.

Winners and Losers in the Tour de France

2 winners of Tour de France 2022 on stage , 2 with small children
2022 Tour de France winners © ASO/Pauline Ballet

Previous winners

2022 Jonas Vingegaard 
2021 Tadej Pogačar
2020 Tadej Pogačar
2019 Egan Bernal
2018 Geraint Thomas
2017 Chris Froome
2016 Chris Froome
2015 Chris Froome
2014 Vincenzo Nibali
2013 Chris Froome
2012 Bradley Wiggins
2011 Cadel Evans
2010 Andy Schleck

Five riders have managed to win the Tour five times:
Jacques Anquetil (France) 1957, 1961, 1962, 1963 and 1964
Eddy Merckx (Belgium) 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972 and 1974
Bernard Hinault (France) 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982 and 1985
Miguel Induráin (Spain) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 and 1995
Chris Froome (GB) 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017

Three riders have won three times:
Philippe Thys (Belgium) 1913, 1914, 1920
Louison Bobet (France), 1953, 1054, 1955
Greg Lemond (USA) 1986, 1989, 1990

The record number of wins ever was seven by Lance Armstrong of the United States (1999-2005). But after being found guilty of doping by the USADA in 2012, he was stripped of all of these titles.

Other disqualifications after the winner has been caught out:
In 1904 the winner, Maurice Garin, was stripped of his title after it was discovered that he had caught a train for part of the event
In 2006 Floyd Landis of the United States was found to have raised testosterone levels
In 2010 Alberto Contador was stripped of the win after investigations into his drug use.

And what about…

How do riders in the Tour de France pee? This seems to be a popular question which makes sense. A cyclist can just stop to pee, if possible making sure they are fairly far to the front.
The usual convention is when the leader (rider in the yellow jersey) decides where a pee spot will be, preferably in a remote part of the race. The TV cameras do not film them and riders are not allowed to take advantage of this to improve their position. Sounds very fair to me!

What the jerseys mean and prize money

A total of around 2.3 million Euros will be awarded overall, including €500,000 to the overall winner of each individual classification.

2022 Tour de France final with Johas Vingaard on stage in yellow jerseyholding trophy
Tour de France 2022 Final

The Yellow Jersey (maillot jaune) is the overall winner of the race up to that point, awarded after each stage.
The Green Jersey is for the best sprinter. Points are awarded at the finish of each stage, and for an intermediate sprint in all normal stages.

Wout van aert on podium in green jhersey with two people in green beside hi as he holds up trophy
Tour de France 2022 – Stage 9 – Aigle / Chatel Les Portes du Soleil Wout Van Aert

Here’s the official website for the Tour de France 2023
Cycling News has excellent up-to-date information on the Tour de France 2023 (and is good on cycling generally). Procycling news is another good source.

Here’s the Le Tour Facebook link
Instagram link
Twitter link

Major events in July 2023 in France

More geographic information about France

More about the regions of France
More about the departments of France
More about the mountains of France